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In search of the ‘New informal legitimacy’ of Médecins Sans Frontières

For medical humanitarian organizations, making their sources of legitimacy explicit is a useful exercise, in response to: misperceptions, concerns over the ‘humanitarian space’, controversies about specific humanitarian actions, challenges about resources allocation and moral suffering among humanitarian workers. This is also a difficult exercise, where normative criteria such as international law or humanitarian principles are often misrepresented as primary sources of legitimacy.

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High prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, Swaziland, 2009–2010

In Africa, although emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) represents a serious threat in countries severely affected by the HIV epidemic, most countries lack drug-resistant TB data. This finding was particularly true in the Kingdom of Swaziland, which has the world’s highest HIV and TB prevalences. Therefore, a national survey was conducted in 2009–2010 to measure the prevalence of drug-resistant TB.

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Les relations entre acteurs associatifs et Etat, clé de compréhension des Révolutions arabes

The new situation created by the 2011 "Arab Spring" goes to the heart of relations between associations, NGOs and governments. Indeed, populations have been placing increased pressure on the majority of Arab countries, partly due to the profound transformation of the voluntary sector. A book edited by Caroline Abu-Sada and Benedict Challand, which was written for the most part before the beginning of the acceleration of the mobilizations against the regimes, includes six studies that can help better understand these recent events.

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Violences sexuelles en République Démocratique du Congo: Résistances et appropriations institutionnelles par les ONG

This work offers to analyse the learning process of the humanitarian organization Médecins Sans Frontière (Doctors Without Borders / MSF) around the notions of victims of sexual violence. The first part is dedicated to a conceptual and critical essay on the concepts of rape victims, in particular in the field of social sciences, as well as to an introduction to the history of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The second part of the study presents a qualitative study of one MSF’s most important intervention in Eastern DRC in favour of victims of sexual violence.

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Research Ethics and International Epidemic Response: The case of Ebola and Marburg Hemorrhagic Fevers

Outbreaks of filovirus (Ebola and Marburg) hemorrhagic fevers in Africa are typically the theater of rescue activities involving international experts and agencies tasked with reinforcing national authorities in clinical management, biological diagnosis, sanitation, public health surveillance and coordination. These outbreaks can be seen as a paradigm for ethical issues posed by epidemic emergencies, through the convergence of such themes as: isolation and quarantine, privacy and confidentiality and the interpretation of ethical norms across different ethnocultural settings.

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Les Territoires occupés palestiniens : un terrain d’intervention de plus en plus complexe, mais toujours aussi nécessaire

Since June 2007, the split between the leaders of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank has been confirmed. This situation has had even more catastrophic consequences for the Occupied Palestinian Territories, as it is accompanied by an Israeli occupation that is not becoming more flexible. Despite the truce in place since June 2008 between the Hamas and Israel, Israeli restrictions on the movement of goods and people are stricter than ever, and the de facto separation between the two territories make it difficult to foresee a national future and the construction of a Palestinian State.

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